Hostile empire; former oppressors of Israelites


Egypt in the context of the Book of Mormon serves as a historical backdrop to emphasize the power of the Lord in liberating the Israelites from oppression and bondage. The deliverance of the children of Israel from Egypt is frequently cited as an example of God’s intervention and mercy. References to this deliverance serve to strengthen faith and illustrate the Lord’s willingness to free His people from physical and spiritual captivity (1 Nephi 17:40; 1 Nephi 19:10; 1 Nephi 5:15; 2 Nephi 20:24,26; 2 Nephi 21:11,16; 2 Nephi 25:20; 2 Nephi 3:10; Mosiah 7:19; Alma 36:28).

Egypt is also significant in the lineage of Lehi through Joseph, who was sold into Egypt by his brethren. Joseph’s role in Egypt set the stage for the subsequent settlement of the house of Israel in Egyptian territory, where they grew and eventually were enslaved (1 Nephi 5:14; 2 Nephi 3:4; Alma 10:3; Ether 13:7). The historical bondage in Egypt and the miraculous escape under Moses provide a narrative frame for the Book of Mormon’s own themes of deliverance and the journey towards a promised land.

Moreover, prophecies and symbolic references to Egypt denote its importance in the broader narrative of the Lord’s dealings with His covenant people. These references to Egypt throughout the scriptural text connect the Book of Mormon peoples to the larger history of the house of Israel, underscoring shared heritage and the fulfillment of God’s promises to His chosen people.


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